As you guys know, I’m pretty much solely a Marvel guy. Don’t really read DC. No strict or philosophical reason. I started with Marvel as a pre-teen, so when I finally took a look at DC’s characters, they just didn’t “grab” me the same way. Now I’m old and set in my ways with only room for one fictional universe in the rapidly shrinking space between my ears.

But I will concede, despite gems like *Spectacular Spider-Man* and *Earth’s Mightiest Heroes*, DC has historically dominated in the animated arena. I didn’t even need to be familiar with three-fourths of the characters to understand how special *Justice League Unlimited* was. Still, I didn’t get to watch much of it during its initial run. I blame Cartoon Network and their constant timeslot-hopping.

So it’s an especially nice treat for me that the CW Network has been rerunning *JLU* as part of its Saturday morning Vortexx block. I’ve gotten to relive the precious few episodes I remember and fill in what I missed, including the epic series finale in which Darkseid, thanks to Lex Luthor, finally obtained the Anti-Life equation that he’d so fervently sought, and then promptly popped out of existence in a flash of light.

Here’s where ya’ll might be able to help me out. As a science guy, and someone who respects the great explanatory power of mathematics – even if I’m not very good at it myself – this concept intrigues me. But I’m not really sure what it’s supposed to represent.

*It sure is sparkly. Much more colorful than my college advanced mechanics textbook.*

According to the DC Animated Wikia, the Anti-Life equation “mathematically proves that hope, love and freedom are all meaningless and effectively destroys a person’s free will.” That’s fucking wild, but awfully imprecise for a formula. Granddaddy Wikipedia says Grant Morrison went ahead and defined the terms, in 2005, thusly:

loneliness + alienation + fear + despair + self-worth ÷ mockery ÷ condemnation ÷ misunderstanding × guilt × shame × failure × judgment n=y where y=hope and n=folly, love=lies, life=death, self=dark side

Although I still don’t know how you’d quantify any of those things.

## The Language of the Cosmos

Here’s what I do know. The universe really is governed by mathematics. As physicist Roger Penrose describes in his monumental tome, “The Road to Reality,” that truth began to be glimpsed by the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians, but it was the Greeks of about 2,500 years ago that introduced the idea of a mathematical proof. Pythagoras especially latched onto the idea, formulating his famous right triangle equation and noticing how an instrument’s harmonic chords correspond to its length.

*Considered so simple now it’s taught in middle school, the Pythagorean theorem was part of the insightful breakthrough that physical reality could be represented in abstract, symbolic language.*

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Isaac Newton, perhaps the most brilliant scientist of all time, went further in showing that mathematics can and should be applied to observation in the service of making predictions of future outcomes. His careful calculations describing the precise motions of the planets shattered his time period’s imagined boundary between the heavens and the Earth and set the stage for all of modern science as we know it. Today we don’t see the universe being as deterministic as Newton did, as probability has crept in thanks to quantum mechanics, but those possibilities are still quantified as a single term in Erwin Schrödinger’s oft-referenced wave equation.

*Obligatory “Schrödinger’s Cat” image. Potential victim of the Anti-Life probability distribution.*

And yes, even human behavior is not immune from mathematical modeling. Astrophysicist Mario Livio, who brought the creepily omnipresent “golden ratio” to the world’s attention, points out in his provocatively–titled 2009 book Is God a Mathematician? that the Nobel Memorial Prize in economics was once awarded to a duo who used Brownian motion, a model more often utilized to describe pollen grains or smoke particles, to understand the pricing of stock options. That’s not the only example, as the “Journal of Mathematical Sociology” exists solely to study social structures and organizations.

*Sometimes the actions of “financial geniuses” follow the same patterns as mindless molecules.*

## Fact or (Useful) Fiction?

Here’s where I’m a little fuzzy. Did someone formulate the Anti-Life equation, or is it just something that’s thought to exist and is out there waiting for Darkseid to stumble upon it? If there’s no obvious answer to that question, that’s okay. Scientists in the real world wonder the same thing.

In fact, that’s the central thesis of *Is God a Mathematician?*. Is math invented or discovered? Is it something intrinsic to nature, or does it work so well in modeling the universe because we made the whole fucking thing up to serve just that purpose? The debate still rages, as it has since Pythagoras, partially because it’s hard to understand why math works as well as it does. It’s hard to even dream up an equation that DOESN’T have some kind of use in describing a physical system. Pure mathematician Godfrey Harold Hardy, for example, once boasted how none of his work would ever make a difference to humankind – a strange thing to be proud of. He was proven wrong several times over when his ideas were used in the fields of genetics, cryptography and elsewhere.

*Anti-Life equation wouldn’t work on him. He was happy with futility.*

Either way, the citizens of the DC Universe can take slight solace that even if Darkseid *did* possess the Anti-Life equation, he might not know what to do with it. There are plenty of problems that don’t currently have solutions and may not ever. Or maybe they have solutions that are totally inconceivable to humans. We’ve been pretty lucky to not have run up against any obvious roadblocks in our figuring, but there’s no logical reason to think we’re capable of understanding all there is. Everything has limitations. Monkeys can’t do calculus, for instance, even if you entice them with all the bananas in the world.

*“He’s still forgetting to include the differential!”*

But then again, maybe Darkseid is on a plane above us, a “12th level intellect,” as Metron puts it in that *JLU* episode. Seemingly unsolvable problems do occasionally go down. In the year 2000, the Clay Mathematics Institute began offering a $1 million prize for anybody who could figure out one of seven such puzzlers. A decade later Grigori Perelman made the Poincaré conjecture his bitch. He declined the prize, but his feat serves as a reminder of continued human ingenuity – and perhaps a warning of what the minds of higher beings could achieve?